A STUDY ON BACTERIAL UROPATHOGENS CAUSING URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN FEMALES IN ALLAHABAD DISTRICT
>Purpose: This study was undertaken to detect the incidence of Urinary tract infection (UTI) in females and to determine the factors responsible for the development of UTI. UTI is the most common acute infection which occurs in females. Females are more frequently affected by UTI (particularly cystitis) due to (1) colonization of urethra by colonic Gram-negative bacilli, (2) close proximity of urethra to anus, (3) short length of urethra (about 4cm) and (4) sexual intercourse (Introduction of bacteria into the bladder). Three quarter of Urinary tract infections occur in pregnant women and one quarter in non-pregnant women.
Materials and Methods: 100 urine samples from females were processed for detection of UTI and antibiotic sensitivity test performed.
Results: 10% patients showed UTI of which maximum (60%) were found to be in age group of 26-30 years, also (60%) were in lower socio economic strata. It was observed that incidence of UTI was twofold in pregnant females, i.e. (16.67%) as compared to the non-pregnant females (7.15%).
Conclusions: In present study the factors favouring development of UTI were (1) sexually active age group 26-30 years, (2) lower socio economic strata and (3) pregnancy. Of the organisms isolated, all showed sensitivity to ampicillin+sulbactam, sparfloxacin and gatifloxacin.
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