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Rajshree Mukhiya, Satyendra Prasad Mukhiya, Madhav Tiwari


Esophageal malignancy is a deadly disease in transition. While some patients can be cured, the treatment is usually protracted, diminishing the quality of life and more often than not, lethal for the patient. The most common type being squamous cell carcinoma, however, in recent years there has been a significant increase in adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. Smoking and heavy alcohol use increases the risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, while gastro esophageal reflux disease and Barrett esophagus may increase the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Endoscopic biopsy remains the gold standard method for confirmation of diagnosis.


Esophageal, Malignancy, Esophageal malignancy, Dysphagia, Endoscopy, Cancer.

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