Dinesh S. Dave, Ajay K. Aggarwal


Supply Chain Management (SCM) is the systematic coordination of activities and processes from raw materials to the final consumer.  Since many organizations are located and compete worldwide, Global Supply Chain management (GSCM) has been gaining more visibility. A supply chain generally includes suppliers, production companies, distributors, wholesale organizations, and retail companies. One of its goals is to enhance organizational performance while improving customer satisfaction by efficiently delivering products to the customer.  The entities in the supply chain network work cooperatively to deliver the right product at the right price at right place with quality to final consumers while adding value at each stage. In transitioning from SCM to GSCM, the supply chain network gains complexity and incorporates additional risks. This study provides a general introduction to supply chains, discusses various risks associated with them, and proposes a model that for assessing global supply chain risk within a lean, six sigma framework.


Supply Chain risks, Global Supply Chain Risks, Lean and Six Sigma, Methodologies for Supply Chain and Global Supply Chain Risks, Supply Chain Risk Assessment Model, Supply chain.


Aggarwal AK, and Dave DS. (2018). “An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Curtail the Bullwhip Effect in Supply Chains,” IUP Journal of Supply Chain Management, Vol.15(4), pp.51-58.

Aggarwal AK, and Dave DS. (2019). “A Review of Managing Risk in Supply Chain,” Sankhya Vignan – Peer Review Journal of Research and Readings in Applied Statistics, NSV.15(2), pp.9-14.

Anderson RD, Jerman RE, and Crum MR. (1998). “Quality Management Influences on Logistics Performance,” Transportation Research (Logistics and Transportation Review), Vol.34(2), pp. 137-148.

Antunes DL, and Sousa SD. (2013) “Using Project Six Sigma and Lean Concepts in Internal Logistics”. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, Vol.1, WCE, London, U.K., 3-5 July, 978-988-19251-0-7 IS.

Beamon BM. (1998), “Supply Chain Design and Analysis: Models and Methods,” International Journal of Production Economics, Vol.55(3), pp.281-294.

Blackstone JH. (2013), “APICS Dictionary”, Fourteen Edition, Chicago, IL, APICS, p.172.

Dave DS. (2019) “Global Supply Chain in India,” Sankhya Vignan – Peer Review Journal of Research and Readings in Applied Statistics, NSV.15(1), pp.10-14.

Dave DS, Dotson MJ, and Stoddard JE. (2018) "Consumer awareness of supply chain flows in relation to consumer perceptions of value-added by supply chain management," International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, Vol.31(3), pp.387-401.

Dave DS, Dotson MJ, and Stoddard JE. (2016) “Intercultural and Gender Differences Between Consumers in India and the United States: Implications for Consumer Awareness of Materials Flow in Supply Chains,” International Journal of Management and Social Sciences, Vol.6(1), pp.1- 8.

Dave DS, Dotson MJ, Stoddard JE, and Suvittawat A. (2017) “An investigation of consumer awareness of supply chain management flows: differences between consumers in Thailand and the USA,” International Journal of Business Performance and Supply Chain Modelling, Vol.9(4), pp. 315-325.

Dave DS, Dotson MJ, and Stoddard JE. (2016). “Material, Information, and Financial Flows in Supply Chain Management,’ Sankhya Vignan – Peer Review Journal of Research and Readings in Applied Statistics, NSV.12(2), pp.9-17.

Gartner, Inc. (2019). “Gartner Identifies Five Steps in Optimizing Logistics Cost”

Gonzalez-Resendiz J, Arre dondo-Soto KC, Realyvásquez-Vargas A, Híjar-Rivera H, and Teresa Carrillo-Gutiérrez. (2018). “Integrating Simulation-Based Optimization for Lean Logistics: A Case Study,” Applied Sciences, Vol.8(12), p.2448.

Kaynak H, and Hartley JL. (2008) “A Replication and Extension of Quality Management into the Supply Chain,” Journal of Operations Management, Vol.26(4), pp.468-489.

Kumar DS, and Suresh J. (2013). “Optimization of Supply Chain Logistics,” International Journal of Management, Vol.4(1), Jan-Feb, pp.130-135.

Lambert DM, and Copper MC. (2000), “Issues in Supply Chain Management,” Industrial Marketing Management, Vol.29(1), pp.65-83.

Manuj I, and Mentzer JT. (2008). “Global Supply Chain Risk Management,” Journal of Business Logistics, Vol.29(1), pp.133-155.

Martichenko RO. (2020). “Post Covid-19 Crisis Supply Chain: A Time to Rise,” White Paper, LeanCor Supply Chain Group,

Nowakowska-Grunt J. (2008) “Impact of Lean Management on Logistics Infrastructure in Enterprises,” Advanced Logistics Systems, Vol.2(1), pp.71-74.

Oliver, RK, and Webber MD. (1982), “Supply Chain Management: Logistics Catches Up with Strategy,” Outlook, cit. Martin Christopher, Logistics, Strategic Issues, Chapman and Hall, London, 1992.

SaiKrishna B. (2016). “The Five Major Flows in Supply Chain,” (in Operations/Supply Chain Management) https:/

Soni G, and Kodali R. (2013) “A Decision Framework for Assessment of Risk Associated with Global Supply Chain,” Journal of Modelling in Management, Vol.8(1), pp.25-53.

Sumchi-Levi D, Kaminsky P, and Sumchi-Levi E. (2008). “Design and Managing Supply Chain”, Third Edition, McGraw-Hill/Irwin, New York.

Vitasek K. (2013). “Supply Chain Management Terms and Glossary”,, August 2013, p.187.

Wisner JD. (2017). “Operations Management: A Supply Chain Process Approach”, Sage Publications, Inc.

Wronka A. (2016). “Lean Logistics,” Journal of Positive Management, Vol.7(2), pp.55-63.

Zhang A, Luo W, Shi W, Chia ST, and Sim HX. (2016). “Lean and Six Sigma in Logistics: a pilot survey study in Singapore,” International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol.36(11), pp.1625-1643.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Send mail to with questions or comments about this web site. 

International Journal of Management and Social Sciences, All rights reserved.