Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access


Deborah Sharon


This paper aims to study the problems faced by working women in the academic field specially in tertiary education both at home and in their work place. It also studies about their work-life balance. Discussions were held and Questionnaire was used to study about the problems faced by women. Responses were collected from 60 women, analysed and the current situation is depicted. Women face problems at home (doing daily duties, helping children, treatment at home equal to spouse, independence in spending money, etc.) and work place (based on gender on appointment, pay, promotion, leave availing, etc.). They also have problems in balancing work and family life. Organization pays less attention in providing programs and policies in favour of women to help them balance their work and family life.


The results of this study can help in developing a considerate working atmosphere for women in work place. This would assist the organizations in finding out solutions for retaining women workforce. Further society has to be educated on the situation of women, which would help them understand and empathize.


Working women, Work situations for women, Problems faced in workplace and home, Work life balance, Tertiary educational institutions, Women in tertiary educational institutions.

Full Text:



EI. (2010). “The Gender bias of the Teaching Profession”, Education International, available online:

Booth AL, Burton J, and Mumford K. (2000). “The Position of Women in UK Academic Economics”, The Economic Journal, Vol.110, pp.312–333. doi: 10.1111/1468-0297.00541

Brockhaus RH. (1980). “Risk-Taking propensity of entrepreneurs,” Acad. Manag. J, Vol.23(3), pp.509-520.

Budhwar PS, Saini DS, and Bhatnagar J. (2005). “Women in Management in the New Economic Environment: The Case of India”, Asia Pacific Business Review, Vol.11(2), June, pp.179-193.

Catalyst Quick Take. (2012). “Women in the Labour Force in India”, Catalyst, New York, July 9, available online:

Datt, and Sundharam. (1999). “Indian Economy - Problems of Development & Planning”, 34th edition, New Age International Publishers, p.126.

Goltz SM, (2005). “Career expectations vs. Experiences : The case of Academic Women”, Journal of Business and Management, Vol.11(2), pp.49-70.

Gordon J, and Whelan K. (1988). “Successful professional women in midlife : How organizations can more effectively understand and respond to the challenges”, Academy of Management Executive, Vol.12(1), pp.8-24.

Handley J. (1994). “Women, Decision Making and Academia: An Unholy Alliance”, Women In Management Review, Vol.9(3), pp.11–16.

Heikkila P. (2012). “Indian women scale heights of the workforce”, The National, English daily newspaper headquartered in Abu Dhabi, available online:

LABORSTA. (2009). “Economically Active Population Estimates and Projections 1980-2020”, International Labor Office Bureau of Statistics, available online:

Lewin AY, and Duchan L. (1971). “Women in Academia”, Science, 3 September,

Vol.173(4000), pp.892-895.

Marwell G, Rosenfeld R, and Spilerman S. (1979). “Geographic constraints on women’s careers in academia”, Science, 21 September, Vol.205(4412), pp.1225-1231.

Mehtha VR. (2012). “A Study on Work life Balance among women employees in service sector with special reference to Pune city”, PhD Thesis, Tilak Maharashtra University, Pune, July, available online: /handle/10603/5663

MSPI. (2012). “Women and Men in India”, 14th Issue, Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India.

OECD. (2012). “Education at a Glance”, OECD Publishing, p.69.

Tharenou P, Latiner S, and Conroy D. (1994). “How do you make it to the top? An Examination of influences on women’s and men’s managerial advancement”, Academy of Management Journal, Vol.37(4), pp.899-931.

UNSD. (2009). United Nations Statistics Division based on data published by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics in table 4: Teaching staff by ISCED level, available from UIS website,

Vogt S. (2003). “The Best Man for the Job is a Woman?” Investigative Report, Information Today, March, Vol.20(3) , Pg.23-24.

Ward EM. (2001). “Gender and Promotion in Academic Profession,” Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Vol.48(3), August, pp.283-302.

World Economic Forum. (2011). “The India Gender Gap Review 2011”, World Economic Forum.

Zhu H, Khan HGA, and Ilyas M. (2012). “Challenges and risks faced by working women in Government organizations : An insight from asian countries,” African Journal of Business Management, Vol.6(45), pp.11368-11374.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Send mail to with questions or comments about this web site. 

International Journal of Management and Social Sciences, All rights reserved.