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Ramachandra J, K Athirath Reddy


Introduction: Though there is no controversy in the use of prophylactic antibiotics in clean contaminated, contaminated and dirty wounds, there is still some controversy surrounding use of prophylactic antibiotics in clean wounds like Lichtenstein mesh hernioplasty. Inadvertent use of antibiotics in these cases leads to unnecessary increase in cost to the patient as well as development of antibiotic resistance, as development of resistance to antibiotics by microorganisms has become a growing concern in countries like India. Hence, we conducted a case control study at KIMS hospital, Bangalore from Dec 2014 to Nov 2016 to assess if systemic antibiotic prophylaxis prevents wound infection in Lichtenstein inguinal hernioplasty.

Materials & Methods: The study period was two years including follow-up, comprising of 100 cases randomized into two groups. First group (case group) received no antibiotics and the second group received 3rd generation cephalosporin (control group) prior to the surgery.

Results: The study revealed 2 cases of infection in the case group and 1 in the control group. The difference was statistically insignificant (p= 0.3436).

Conclusion: From our study it can be concluded that regular use of antibiotic prophylaxis is not necessary in low risk patients undergoing hernioplasty


Antibiotics, Inguinal hernia, Lichtenstein repair, Hernioplasty, Wound infection, Mesh repair.

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