VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS OF TOMATO IN KERSA DISTRICT OF OROMIA, SOUTH WESTERN ETHIOPIA
In Jimma zone of Oromia National Regional state, Tomato is a most important nutritional vegetable crop, which is mainly produced by smallholder farmers. The study was to under taken with the specific objectives of identifying actors in tomato value chain, analysing marketing margins; analysing factors affecting tomato supply and examining market outlet choice for selling tomato. The data were collected from both primary and secondary sources.
The primary data for this study were collected from 129 farmers from four kebeles and 40 traders. Descriptive and econometric methods of data analyses were used. The study result showed that tomato producers are faced with lack of proper coordination among the value chain actors, shortage of education, farmer’s coordination, low price of product, limited access to extension contact, low bargaining power of producers, limited access credit, transport, market information, quality and post-harvest losses, lack of policy framework are the major problems. The value chain analysis revealed that the major actors in the Woreda are input suppliers, producers, brokers, collectors, wholesalers, retailers, consumers and supportive services. Tomato passes through several intermediaries with little value being added before reaching the end users. The chain is governed by wholesalers who have capital advantage over the other chain actors.
The strategy aim to, facilitate education level, enable experience sharing habit of tomato farming (preparing conferences at least by selecting demonstration site), adequate market information by establishing technical committee among the sectors, fixing market place for producer with technical committees for establishing reasonable prices, land extension, developing access to credit, improving access extension and establishing capable farmer cooperative are recommended issues.
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